Understanding Oriental rugs for beginners

As cherished treasures that often enjoy pride of place in the home, Oriental rugs are renowned for being complex artworks. However, these woven masterpieces require special care when cleaning because of their intricate construction.

Defining Oriental rugs

The term “Oriental rug” refers to a rug from Asia that has been hand knotted. While China is the leading exporter of these coveted floor coverings, Oriental rugs, which include the sub-category of Persian rugs, can come from any Asian countries including Iran, India, Tibet, Turkey and Pakistan, among others.

Oriental rugs are woven by hand using a loom. Each yarn thread is painstakingly knotted, creating ornate and unique patterns and designs. The attention to detail involved in hand weaving creates the scarcity and value, as each rug is utterly unique, and long hours of hard work are required.

Oriental rug designs

The design of Oriental rugs can typically be separated into three parts – the medallion, the border and the field. The medallion is usually the origin of the rug’s artistic design and is often decorated with a geometric or floral motif. The field refers to the main body of the Oriental rug, which is then surrounded by rug’s outer section, the border.

Oriental rug knots

Different types of knots are used when a weaver hand crafts Oriental rugs. However, the two main knots used are the asymmetrical Persian knot and the symmetrical Turkish knot, which create a flatter weave.

The complicated weave of Oriental rugs means that they need professional care when cleaned to avoid damage to their yarns. For Oriental rug cleaning in Colchester, contact us here at the Rug Cleaning Studio today.


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