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What is the difference between Turkish and Persian rugs?

Turkish and Persian rugs are highly sought-after floor coverings that have been in demand for centuries. Although they may appear similar, though both types offer timeless beauty and quality craftsmanship.

While authentic Turkish carpets originate from Turkey itself, those originating from Iran are considered “Persian” despite modern-day Iran being the name associated with this country’s production today. The rug industry supports approximately two million people across these two countries including rugmakers, merchants who trade them globally and the delivery people involved in logistics operations worldwide.

Colours and Patterns

There are some distinct differences in the design of Persian and Turkish rugs. Turkish rugs feature more geometric shapes and patterns. Persian rugs tend to incorporate more floral motifs and curvilinear designs.

These divergent styles can be traced back to the cultural influences that have shaped these two regions over time. Turkey has been historically impacted by Central Asian tribal cultures, which is reflected in the strong presence of geometric shapes in their rug designs. On the other hand, Persia (modern-day Iran) has been more heavily influenced by Islamic art and culture, which is why their rugs tend to showcase more organic, flowing motifs.

Despite their contrasting styles, both types of rugs are known for their intricate designs and vibrant colours. However, Persian rugs typically feature a more subdued colour palette with earthy hues and muted tones.

How They Are Made

Double knotting techniques or Ghiordes knots create dense weaves that ensure durability over time for Turkish-made carpets. Senneh knots is single knotting method that results in a finer texture that is typically associated with Persian-made carpets. Both Turkish and Persian carpets often use natural wool or silk fibres, but goat hair can also be incorporated into Turkish designs.

Cost differences

Both handmade authentic high-quality Turkish and Persian carpets cost a lot of money, however, factors such as materials used during manufacture make some Turkish rugs pricier than Persian ones.

Machine-made copies of these carpets may seem like affordable options at first glance but do not have the same high quality compared with genuine hand-woven pieces originating from either country.

Which one is best?

Ultimately personal preferences dictate buyers’ choices between either type of rug based on pattern and colour preferences rather than other criteria such as cost,

Replicas and fakes

The prevalence of replicas and fakes within the rug market means buyers should be cautious when purchasing Persian and Turkish rugs. Counterfeit rugs are not made to the same exacting standards of original products manufactured by genuine Turkish and Persian rugmakers. Always purchase from reputable dealers that
guarantee authenticity.

Ethics

Another factor worth considering when selecting a rug is the ethical and environmental Impact of rug making. Whether manufactured in Iran or Turkey traditional rugs are made from natural sustainable fibres including wool, and silk. Though the governments of Turkey and Iran sometimes make questionable ethical decisions, what a buyer supports when they purchase a rug made in either country is the livelihood of village families. In many villages, rug weaving is about the only industry that supports the local economy.

Care instructions

Handmade Turkish and Persian Rugs should be treated with care owing to their high value. They are regarded as works of art, historical artefacts that should be carefully preserved through generations. The same care instructions apply regardless of whether you own a Persian or Turkish rug.

Protect the rug against spills and moisture damage by cleaning immediately if soiled. Ideally, place the rug in a well-ventilated dry room.

At least twice a year take the rug outside in the fresh air for several hours on a warm breezy day to remove moisture and odours.

Vacuum at least weekly and rotate occasionally if placed where foot traffic is heavy to prevent uneven wear-and-tear patterns emerging over time. It’s important that these valuable handmade products receive professional deep cleaning at least once per year. Only trust professional rug cleaning experts who specialize specifically in cleaning premium quality rugs.

The joy of owning a handmade Turkish or Persian rug

Buyers looking for timeless beauty coupled with quality craftsmanship need look no further than Turkish or Persian made rugs. Each type boasts unique characteristics distinguishing each rug type apart yet they both types have a lot in common, coming from a rich heritage and culture that spans centuries.

Persian and Turkish rugs are expensive and some in increase in value over time, but this is not guaranteed. It is perhaps better to buy a rug for its aesthetic appeal and appreciation of the rugmakers’ craftmanship rather than a financial investment.

There is renewed interest among rug enthusiasts worldwide who are eager to acquire these precious rugs. Premium quality handmade rugs are treasured and preserved as family heirlooms that are passed down through generations.

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